Git branches let you add new features without tampering with the live version of your projects. And if you work in a team, different developers might have unique branches they work on.
In the long run, you’ll have to push those independent branches to a remote server. For example, GitHub, GitLab, and others.
In this article, I’ll show you how to push a local git branch to a remote server. It doesn’t matter whether you are yet to push at all. You might even have pushed your main branch and want to push another branch. I’m going to show you everything from scratch.
How to Push the Main Branch to Remote
If you want to push the main branch to remote, it’s possible you’re pushing for the first time. Before you attempt to push to remote, make sure you’ve executed these commands:
git initfor initializing a local repository
git add .to add all your files that the local repository
git commit -m ‘commit message’to save the changes you made to those files
To push the main repo, you first have to add the remote server to Git by running
git remote add <url>.
To confirm the remote has been added, run
git remote -v.
To finally push the repo, run
git push -u origin <branch-name>
(“main” is the name of that branch for me). It could be master or Main for you. Initially, it was “master”, so I ran
git branch -M main to change it.
If you have not configured Git to use a credential helper, you will be asked for your GitHub username and PAT (personal access token).
That’s how you push the main branch for the first time.
How to Push a New Branch to Remote
If you have another branch you’ve worked at that you want to push to remote, you’ll still use the
git push command, but in a slightly different way.
As a reminder, to create a new branch, you run
git branch branch-name. And to switch to that branch so you can work there, you have to run
git switch branch name or
git checkout branch-name.
To push the branch to the remote server, run
git push –u origin <branch name>. In my case, the name of that branch is
bug-fixes. So, I have to run
git push -u origin bug-fixes
To confirm that the branch has been pushed, head over to GitHub and click the branches drop-down. You should see the branch there.
This article showed you how to push a new branch to remote. Apart from that, we also looked at how you would push to a remote server the first time.
If you want to learn more about git, check out other freeCodeCamp articles on Git and GitHub.
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